Department of Environmental & Alternate Energy

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Environment and Alternative Energy Department was established in October 2002 to attend to all issues pertaining to environment and for the propagation of renewable energies through the Environmental Protection Agency, Sindh and the Directorate of Alternative Energy.

At the macro level, the department is responsible for the protection, conservation, rehabilitation and improvement of environment of the province with the support of regulatory legislation.

On the other hand, the Department promotes alternative energy resources for complementing the overall energy production so as to attend the grave energy shortage in the country.

The Administrative Department comprises of following officers.

1) Secretary     2) Additional Secretary   3). Deputy Secretary  4). Section Officers

The office of the Administrative Department is presently housed in the building of EPA located at Plot No. ST 2/1, Sector 23, Korangi Industrial Area, Karachi


It was first established in July 1989 and it functioned under the various Departments of Government of Sindh and now it reports to Environment and Alternative Energy Department since October 2002.

  • Monitoring and regulating agency responsible for enforcement of Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997
  • Enforce National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS)
  • Implement Self Monitoring & Reporting Tool (SMART)
  • Evaluate and approve Environmental Impact Assessment and Initial Environmental Examination
  • Advise and coordinate with the government, NGOs etc on preventive measures for abatement of pollution.
  • Assist local authorities and government departments to implement schemes for proper disposal of wastes to ensure compliance with NEQS
  • Enhance awareness among general public
  • Conduct research and studies on different environmental issues
  • Attend to public complaints on environmental issues
  • Carry out any other task related to environment assigned by the government.

Established in October 2002 and its mandate includes: 

  • To promote alternative energy from all natural sources such as sunlight, wind, water, bio-mass and ocean waves in Sindh.
  • To assess technical and economical potential for alternative energy sources.
  • Advise the Sindh Government on policies, rules and regulations pertaining to the promotion of alternative energy
  • Disseminate information on alternative energy sources to the public and communities and private and public sector organizations


Inspite of the continuous criticism of the public and the civil society about the environmental degradation in the country, it is a fact that Pakistan’s environmental policy is based on participatory approach to achieve the objectives of sustainable development through legal, administrative and technically sound institutions.

The Federal Environment Ministry was established in Pakistan in 1975, as a follow up of Stockholm Declaration of 1972. The Ministry was responsible for promulgation of the Environmental Protection Ordinance 1983, which was the first comprehensive legislation prepared in the country. Its objective was to establish institutions for environmental protection, which include the Pakistan Environmental Protection Council, Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Protection Agency Sindh, Environmental Protection Agency Punjab, Environmental Protection Agency NWFP and Environmental Protection Agency Balochistan.

In 1992, Pakistan attended the Earth Summit in Rio-De Janeiro, Brazil and thereafter became party to various international conventions and protocols. This political commitment augmented the environmental protection process in the country.

The National Conservation Strategy (NCS) was formulated in the same year and it provides a broad framework for addressing the environmental concerns in the country. In 1993, the National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) were designed so that the law could be effectively implemented.

The Pakistan Environmental Protection Act was enacted on 6th December 1997, provides the framework for implementation of National Conservation Strategy, establishment of Provincial Sustainable Development Funds; protection and conservation of species; conservation of renewable resources; establishment of Environmental Tribunals and appointment of Environmental Magistrates, Initial Environmental Examination, and Environmental Impact Assessment.

Salient Features of PEPA 1997

1.         Section 3 - Establishment of Pakistan Environmental Protection Council

Basic Structure

Its members are;

  • Prime Minister (Chairperson)

  • Minister for Environment

  • Chief Ministers of all Provinces

  • Provincial Ministers for Environment of all Provinces

  • Members from trade bodies and technical fields not exceeding 35

  • Provincial Secretaries Environment

  • Ex-officio members as and when appointed for three years

Functions and Powers of the Council

  • Coordination and Supervision for the enforcement of Pakistan Environmental Protection Act
  • Approval and implementation of national environmental policies
  • Approval of environmental standards and parameters
  • Issuance of guidelines for the protection of biodiversity, natural resources and habitat, and for the conservation of renewable and non-renewable resources
  • Consideration of National Environment Report and directions thereof

2. Section 5 - Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency           

Main Functions

  • Administer and implement the provisions of Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997 and the rules and regulations made there under
  • Preparation of the National Environmental Policy for the approval by the Council
  • Preparation and publication of National Environment Report
  • Preparation/Revision of National Environment Quality Standards and to ensure their enforcement
  • Establishment of systems and procedures for surveys, surveillance, monitoring, measurement, examination, investigation, research, inspection and audit to prevent and control pollution.

Major Powers           

  • Subject to the provision of this Act, the Federal Agency may –

  • Summon and enforce the attendance of any person and require him to supply any information of document needed for the conduct of any inquiry or investigation into any environmental issue.
  • Enter and inspect and under the authority of a search warrant issued by the Environmental Tribunal or Environmental Magistrate, search at any responsible time, any land, building, premises, vehicles or vessel or other place where or in which, there are reasonable grounds to believe that an offence under this Act has been or is being committed;
  • And several other powers as envisaged in PEP Act 97.


3. Section 8 - Provincial EPAs

Every Provincial Government shall be notification in the official Gazette, establish an Environmental Protection Agency, to exercise such powers and perform such functions as may be delegated to it by the Provincial Government under sub-section (2) of section 26 of PEP Act 97.

4. Section 9 - Provincial Sustainable Development Fund

Main Purpose           

To provide financial assistance to the projects designed for the protection, conservation, rehabilitation and improvement of the environment, the prevention and control of pollution, the sustainable development of resources and for research of any specified aspect of environment.


The Fund is managed by a Provincial Sustainable Development Fund Board comprising of members from Planning and Development, Finance, Industries and Finance departments while non-official members, not exceeding ten, are from trade and commerce bodies and association

5. Section 12 – Environmental Impact Assessment and Initial Environmental Examination

Submission of Environmental Impact Assessment is a process to evaluate the environmental risks and benefits associated with the developmental projects. Section 12 makes it mandatory on all proponents of projects not to commence construction or operation unless an EIA or IEE is approved.

An EIA Regulations, 2000 has been notified, which provides procedure for this activity.

Section 13 - Import of hazardous waste

This section regulates the import and movement of hazardous substances which are toxic, explosive, flammable, corrosive, radioactive, and which cause directly or in combination with other matters, an adverse environmental effect.

Section 15 – Vehicular Emission from Motor Vehicles

Operation of a motor vehicle from which gaseous emission or noise exceeds the NEQS, or other standards established by Pak-EPA where ambient conditions so require, have been prohibited. To ensure compliance with the NEQS, the Pak-EPA has been empowered to direct that pollution control devices be installed in motor vehicles or fuels specified by Pak-EPA be used in them or specified maintenance or testing be carried out on them.

Section 20 - Establishment of Environmental Tribunals

The government is empowered to constitute Environmental Tribunals to hear cases relating to Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997. The federal government has established four Environmental Tribunals one in each province.

Section 24 - Designation of Environmental Magistrates

The federal and provincial governments have designated senior civil judges as Environmental Magistrates to take all contraventions punishable in respect of handling of hazardous substances and pollution caused by motor vehicles.

Section 26 - Delegation of powers to provincial governments under section 26

Ministry of Environment, Local Government and Rural Development had delegated functions and powers of it and the Federal Environmental Protection Agency under section 26 of the Act to the provincial governments. The provincial governments have further delegated these powers and functions to Environmental Protection Agencies and also planning to sub-delegate selected powers to the local government.

Pakistan Environmental Protection Council

The apex body, Pakistan Environment Protection Council (PEPC), was first constituted in 1984 under section 3 of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Ordinance (PEPO), 1983, with President of Pakistan as its Chairman. In 1994, an amendment was made in the Ordinance to provide for the Prime Minister or his nominee to be the head of the Council. The Council was reconstituted after enactment of the new law i.e. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997.

It is headed by the Prime Minister (Chief Executive) of Pakistan. The council is represented by trade and industry, leading NGOs, educational intuitions, experts, journalists and concerned ministries.

Environmental Issues of Sindh

The environmental challenges being faced by Sindh are enormous, which have largely resulted from the effects of rapid population growth, increasing rate of urbanization and the development of industrial estates adjacent to the major cities. These activities have put enormous pressure on the natural resource base of the province. Also, availability of wastes due to limited treatment facilities, the increasing release of industrial effluent and municipal waste have polluted the land and water bodies, thereby posing a perpetual threat to the health of living beings.

Presently province is facing various local and global environmental threats which include:


  • Air Pollution
  • Drinking Water Contamination
  • Domestic & industrial waste water
  • Marine Pollution
  • Municipal & industrial Solid Waste
  • Hospital waste
  • Industrial Hazardous Waste
  • Noise Pollution
  • Desertification / Deforestation
  • Agrochemicals
  • Biodiversity under severe degradation /destruction
  • Sea intrusion
  • Risks of Oil Spills at Ports


  • Climate Change
  • Global Warming
  • Ozone Depletion
  • Acid Rain
  • Loss of Biodiversity
 Government of Sindh, Official Web Portal.